(1)  David M. Jacobs, Secret Life: Firsthand Accounts of UFO Abductions. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1992.

(2)  Budd Hopkins, Intruders: The Incredible Visitations at Copley Woods. New York: Random House, 1987, xi-xii

(3)  Thomas E. Bullard, UFO Abductions: The Measure of a Mystery. Volume 1: Comparative Study of Abduction Reports. Volume 2: Catalogue of Cases. Mount Rainier, MD: Fund for UFO Research, 1987.

(4)  Andrea  Pritchard, David E. Pritchard, John E. Mack, Pam Kasey, and Claudia Yapp, eds., Alien Discussions: Proceedings of the Abduction Study Conference. Cambridge, MA: North Cambridge Press, 1994.

(5)  Stuart Appelle, "The Abduction Experience: A Critical Evaluation of Theory and Evidence." Journal of UFO Studies 6 [new series, 1995/1996]: 29-78.

(6)  David M. Jacobs, The Threat. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1998. 46.

(7)  John E. Mack, Abduction: Human Encounters With Aliens, second edition. New York: Ballantine Books, 1995, 429-431.

(8)  Ibid., ix-xii

(9)  Marilyn C. Smith, "Hypnotic Memory Enhancement of Witnesses: Does It Work?" Psychological-Bulletin, 1983 Vol. 94(3), 387-407.

(10)  American Medical Association, Council on Scientific Affairs, International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 1986 Vol. 34(1), 1-11.

(11)  Smith, op. cit.

(12)  Ibid.

(13)  Elizabeth Loftus and Katherine Ketcham, The Myth of Repressed Memory. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994, 73-101.

 (14)  Robert A. Baker and Bonnie S. Parker, "Hypnosis and memory: The effects of emotional arousal." American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis, 1987 Vol. 29(3), 177-184.

(15)  Daniel Reisberg and Friderike Heuer "Remembering the details of emotional events," in Eugene Winograd and Ulric Neisser, eds., Affect and Accuracy in Recall: Studies of "Flashbulb" Memories. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1992.

(16)  Appelle, op. cit, 32

(17)  William S. Kroger and Richard Douce, "Hypnosis in criminal investigation," International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis, 1979 Vol. 27(4) 358-374.

(18)  Alfred W.Kaszniak, Paul D. Nussbaum, Michael R. Berren, Jose Santiago "Amnesia as a Consequence of Male Rape: A Case Report," Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 1988 Vol. 97(1), 100-104.

(19)  Helmut Relinger, "Hypnotic hypermnesia: A critical review." American Journal of Clinical Hypnosis 1984. Vol 26(3), 212-225.

(20)  David Chamberlain, "Reliability of birth memory: Observations from mother and child pairs in hypnosis." Journal of the American Academy of Medical Hypnoanalysts, 1986 Vol. 1(2), 89-98.

(21)  Peter Brookesmith, Alien Abductions, London: Blandford, 1998, 88.

(22)  Bullard, op. cit. See also Thomas E. Bullard, "The Overstated Dangers of Hypnosis" in Pritchard et al, op. cit. 196-198.

(23)  David F. Webb, "The Use of Hypnosis in Abduction Cases," in Pritchard et al, op. cit. 198-202.

(24)  Thomas E. Bullard, "Investigating the Abduction Investigators," International UFO Reporter, 1996, vol. 21 (2), 6.

(25)  Budd Hopkins, Witnessed: The True Story of the Brooklyn Bridge UFO Abductions. New York: Pocket Books, 1996.

(26)  Marie-Thérèse de Brosses, Enquête sur les enlèvements extraterrestres [ An Inquiry into Alien Abductions]. Paris: Éditions J'ai lu, 1995.

(27)  Robert Sheaffer, "A Skeptical Perspective on UFO Abductions," in Pritchard et al, op. cit., 382-386.

(28)  Martin Kottmeyer, "Entirely Unpredisposed," Magonia 35 [January 1990], 3-10.

(29)  Robert Sheaffer, UFO Sightings: The Evidence. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus Books, 1998

(30)  Jerome Clark, "Hill Abduction Case," in The UFO Encyclopedia, second edition. Detroit: Omnigraphics, Inc., 1998, 501 Kevin Randle, the Roswell researcher and abduction skeptic, recently pointed out that Betty Hill knew about The Twilight Zone; she's quoted referring to it in John Fuller's book The Interrupted Journey, the standard work on the Hill case. Whether that means she also knew about Outer Lmits is, of course, another story.

(31)  Martin Kottmeyer, "The Eyes That Spoke," The REALL News, 1994, vol. 2 (7), 1, 3, 6.. Quoted in Peter Brookesmith, Alien Abductions, London: Blandford, 1998, 96.

(32)  Brookesmith, op. cit, 97.

(33)  Robert Hall, "Are Abduction Reports 'Mass Hysteria'?" in Pritchard et al, 377-381.

(34)  Vallée has expressed this view many times, but see, for instance, "Consciousness, Culture and UFOs, "Noetic Sciences Review, 36 [Winter, 1995], 6-12, 30-35.

(35)  de Brosses, op. cit, 394.

(36)  Hopkins, Witnessed, 304.

(37)  Rivera also introduced me to de Brosses' book, for which I'm grateful.

(38)  Nicholas P. Spanos, Cheryl A. Burgess, Melissa-Faith Burgess, "Past-life Identities, UFO Abductions, and Satanic Ritual Abuse: The Social Construction of Memories." International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hypnosis; 1994 Vol. 42(4) 433-446.

(39)  Leon S. Newman and Roy F. Baumeister, "Toward an Explanation of the UFO Abduction Phenomenon: Hypnotic Elaboration, Extraterrestrial Sadomasochism, and Spurious Memories," Psychological Inquiry, 1996, vol. 7 (2). 99-126.

(40)  Jay G. Hull, "Science and Pseudoscience in Psychology." Psychological Inquiry, 1996, vol. 7 (2). [pages]

(41)  See, for instance, de Brosses, op. cit, 261.

(42)  See also John S. Carpenter, "Deliberate Suggestions and Paradoxical Tricks," in Pritchard et al, op. cit, 210-212.

(43)  Witnessed, op. cit, 146.

(44)  Ibid., 288-289

(45)  Secret Life, op. cit., 221ff, 228-229.

(46  Ibid., 222.

(47)  David Jacobs, conversations and unpublished transcripts of television interviews.

(48)  Michael D. Swords, "Modern Biology and the Extraterrestrial Hypothesis," in Walter H. Andrus, Jr., ed., MUFON 1991 Internation UFO Symposium Proceedings. Seguin, TX: Mutual UFO Network, 1991, 51-74.

(49)  Vallée, op. cit., 30-31.

(50)  Frank Drake and Dava Sobel, Is Anyone Out There? New York: Delacorte Press, 1992, xiii, 62, 117ff.

(51)  Paul Davies, Are we alone? Philosophical Implications of the Discovery of Extraterrestrial Life. London: Penguin, 1995.

(52)  See for example Donald Schmitt and Kevin D. Randle, "The MJ-12 Document: A Hoax," in George M. Eberhart, ed., The Roswell Report: A Historical Perspective. Chicago: Center for UFO Studies, 1991.